Otolaryngology (pronounced oh/toe/lair/in/goll/oh/jee) is a surgical specialty that provides medical and surgical treatment of diseases of the head and neck. It is also known as Otorhinolaryngology, Ears, Nose, and Throat, or ENT. Otolaryngologists treat a wide variety of diseases including, but not excluding, aesthetic and reconstructive surgery of the face, benign and malignant tumors, voice and swallowing disorders, chronic middle ear disease, hearing loss, balance disorders, recurrent tonsillitis, laryngomalacia, subglottic stenosis, nasal obstruction, sinusitis, and obstructive sleep apnea.


There are 7 fellowships within the specialty :

Facial Plastics

Head and Neck Oncology




Rhinology/Skull Base

Sleep Medicine

Residency training is generally 5 – 7 years in length, depending on time dedicated to research. In the 2020 Match, there were a total of 129 residency programs that offered 350 categorical positions. (NRMP) Programs accept anywhere from 1 – 6 residents per year and one resident is usually designated as the research resident who commits to longer training for an extended research experience.

Our organization was created to serve Black medical students, residents, and attendings, but we accept allies from all underrepresented backgrounds. We can bond from similar experiences and learn from our differences.

Please email TheBlackOtoNetwork@gmail.com for more information

Please go to our Find An ENT page and search for the City and State you would like to see a provider. Please remember that residents are trainees and cannot see patients independently at many residency programs. Please call our attendings’ office to schedule appointments.

Yes, but you will have to work harder and strengthen your residency application in other areas, such as third year clinical rotation grades, leadership roles, research, away rotations (once permitted), and improving your Step 2 score.

Disclaimer : Each residency program has a unique structure that may not fit the explanation below

During the first year of residency, you will complete 6 months of General Surgery and 6 months of Otolaryngology. The second year is generally considered the “hardest” year because you begin taking ENT call, where you manage higher acuity consults at a faster pace, among other clinical responsibilities. Call is either “in-house” where you stay in the hospital for 24 hours and you receive a post-call day to sleep, “home call” where you stay at home until you are needed at the hospital and do not receive a post-call day, or “night float” where you work night shifts for a period of time. Each type of call has its own benefits and downfalls. You also participate in basic level surgeries and some complex cases during your second year. Third year is the year you focus on your technical skills in the operating room with more complex cases and you usually take less call. During your fourth year, you are considered the chief of select services, take senior call, and cover most complex cases. Finally, as a fifth year, you are the chief of all services, take senior call, supervise junior residents in some surgeries, and cover all complex surgeries.

First decide what you are planning to achieve from the mentor-mentee relationship. Determined if you would like a mentor that was the same race and gender as you? If you would like a mentor who is in academic medicine or private practice? A mentor who holds many leadership roles? Please visit our Mentorship Program page here to begin the process.

1.Open Access Atlas of OHNS Surgery 

Online step-by-step procedures and recommendations for most common OHNS surgeries from international contributors.

2. Iowa Head and Neck Protocols :

Outline-based indications, contraindications, anatomy, operative steps, sample dictations, etc., organized by ENT subspecialty and then procedure.

3. AAO-HNSF OtoSource modules : 

Academy Comprehensive Otolaryngology Curriculum.

4. LearnENT : 

Free official educational application of the Canadian Society of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, developed by students, residents, and faculty across Canada.